The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (2023)

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture

India has inspired Western designers for hundreds of years. But unfortunately
there are many people within India who are missing out on the Indian culture
inspiration due to excessive focus on western trends.

But thankfully, with today’s growing awareness about the impact of cultural
appropriation by the West, there is greater opportunity to examine how the
Indian cultural elements can be experimented with and assimilated in the Indian
as well as foreign interiors and architectures in an increasingly globalised world.

This experimentation can be possible by becoming more informed about the
major elements of Indian culture that have been an inspiration for interiors and
architecture for years now.

They include:


Indian culture is entwined with spirituality. This facet is embodied in Indian
interior design which is not just about aesthetics but also about health and
overall well-being. A good example of this has been incorporated by well-known
interior designer Marie Burgos who in one of her clients projects (a home)
designed a foyer with Indian spiritual elements.

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (1)

Indian culture is entwined with spirituality. This facet is embodied in Indian
interior design which is not just about aesthetics but also about health and
overall well-being. A good example of this has been incorporated by well-known
interior designer Marie Burgos who in one of her clients projects (a home)
designed a foyer with Indian spiritual elements.

(Video) Influences On Design: Culture

Another noted aspect of Indian tradition is the state of enlightenment through
meditation and wisdom. This creates a soothing environment overall. There are
many real-life examples of the same; interiors and architecture infused with
calm, neutral hues, simple furnishings, natural materials, and crisp, clean lines
to create a balanced and harmonious space. Some interior and architectural
settings have a stone statue of Lord Buddha, the calm and comforting symbol of
great compassion, adding a strong, cultural element to the space.

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (2)The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (3)


Most parts of India are sunny and warm for much of the year. So flooring plays
an important role, predominantly to keep the homes and offices cooler.

Over the years, Indian tradition has been synonymous with marble, granite and
tiles. Their influence still rules the roost in many Indian homes, offices and
commercial entities. The main factor has been apart from eschewing a regal feel
with a neat finish to the interiors, they are also easy to maintain, are stain-
resistant, and above all, more durable. With varied colour and design options,
they are a great add-on to interiors.

To uphold their warmth in design, terracotta tiling or plain wooden beams or
detailed carpets and bamboo mats can be seen covering the flooring in many
settings in typical Indian style.

Likewise, Indian culture appreciates the sun; this influence can be seen on walls
which are painted with pale yellow or orange, as well as on doors and windows
wherein they indicate reliability.

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (4)

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Indian culture has also for long been synonymous with rich lighting. This
influence is best reflected in richly embellished folding screens that function as
popular dividers for Indian home décor, and make for remarkable impression.

Another highpoint is light play which continues in big mirrors with huge glided or
wooden carved frames. Crafts from beads, wood or batik adorning lights is also
a common and so is elephant as a covering or as a statue for an elegant tabletop

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (5)


After colours, the second most common feature of Indian culture influence in
interiors and architectures are unique Patterns and Motifs. Their influence can be
seen everywhere from the walls to bedspreads, pillow covers, fabrics, and more,
even on the knotted rug, in varied types and styles.

The most common textiles in Indian culture are silk and cotton on which the
most intricate patterns can be seen. Similarly, the most popular designs can be
seen in nature-designed themes in the form of flowers and birds, intricate
mandala motifs, and paisley patterns.

Then there are bed linens which often sport vibrant rainbow patterns, while
unique patterns and motifs can be seen on mosaic flooring, patchwork on quilts
and elegant tapestries that reflect Indian culture at its visual best.

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (6)

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India is famous for its architecture and paintings. It is common to see interiors
and architecture depict shades of Indian ethnic art in varied hues. They emit a
regal feel in all its finery giving the interiors and architecture that ultra-alluring

Some of the most famous Indian properties are decked-up with Madhubani, a
popular Indian painting. Likewise, some properties are laced with artworks that
depict the way of life in rural parts of India. Most Indian interior walls are also
often decorated with beautiful paintings that evoke a rich effect while other
categories of interior and architectural settings are decorated with various God-
like inspired home décor objects giving that authentic Indian feel.

The Indian Culture in Design & Architecture | Blog | Uniworks Designs (7)


India is known for its elaborate work on fabrics. Hand woven fabrics often play a
key role in traditional Indian interior design which can be best seen from cushion
covers to bedspreads, drapes, and more, synched with weaves, embroidery, and
block printing.

Similarly, cotton, jute, linen, and khadi fabrics can be found decorating the arms
of chairs and side-tables while center-peaces upholstered in more fine and
luxurious fabrics like silk, or ikat. Rustic earthy fabrics and textiles are another
hallmark of Indian culture influence. For instance, rough woven rug or ‘dari’ in a
living room OR woven wall features like elephant heads made of jute hung on
walls OR rustic woven blinds draped on windows.


The first thing that strikes one about the influence of Indian culture in the
interiors and architectures is the sheer astounding range of colour palette. So
contrasting is the variation that they evoke an aura of richness and buoyancy.

The hue gets even brighter when rich, dark, and vibrant colours or deep burnt
shades are juxtaposed against strong bold backgrounds. They emit a sense of
grandeur that is at once enticing.

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Though a typical Indian interior has earthy colours like brown, tan, ochre yellow,
burnt orange and umber, all often seen on walls and sometimes even on the
floors, the two most prominent colours remain pink and yellow for all facets of
interior with blue and green used for smaller elements like chairs and pillowcases. Another highpoint is accented colours in richly, patterned wallpapers
and luxurious and comfy fabrics.


Handcrafted furniture has been the staple diet of Indian interiors and
architecture for years now. They still continue to be, but in a more contemporary

  • Furniture crafted from solid wood carved into ornate pieces or decorated
    with artistic motifs like carved panels, gold painted trim and hand-painted
  • Furniture intricately carved and made from exotic woods like teak, ebony,
    and rosewood.
  • Cushions and curtains in bright, happy colours that eschew sparkle and
    radiance. Many cushion covers and curtains take inspiration from the
    saree fabric to resemble Indian style.
  • Heavily carved wooden chests, centre tables, short stools, jharokas, etc.
  • Architectural carvings, inlays, and curved edges.

Foreign interior designers often attribute the craftwork of Indian furniture
craftsmen to their embracing the natural imperfections in the wood and other

When India is surrounded by so many rich and vibrant cultures, each unique in
its own way, iconic design styles can only be around the corner. To bring the
many styles of Indian culture and tradition into interiors and architecture, it is
vital to enlist the expertise of good interior design firms.

This is where; your search ends at the doorsteps of leading interior architectural
design firm, Uniworks Designs. As one of the top interior design firms that
balances color, space, and light into every design, their interior works have
portrayed elegance and sophistication, yet stayed functional.

Uniworks Designs has always challenged conventional shapes and forms and has
an uncanny flair for using traditional Indian techniques in a radical, new avatar.
This is well-backed by an impeccable track-record of execution of several such
projects in residential, commercial, hospitality, retail segments as well as Green
Building projects.

With its constant pursuit of perfection and extreme attention to detail, Uniworks
Designs has in a short span of time, successfully provided quality consultative
solutions for all interior and exterior designs and also, built-up a versatile well-
knit team of highly creative architects, builders, interior designers, project
managers, site supervisors, artists and administrators, who believe in creating
impressive spaces.

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By harnessing Uniworks Designs proven interior design expertise, you can make
your home a unique and enjoyable environment that is not only fresh and
vibrant, every day, but also creative, functional, and stylish every day with
smart interior looks.


What is Indian culture in architecture? ›

Indian architecture is rooted in its history, culture and religion. Among a number of architectural styles and traditions, the best-known include the many varieties of Hindu temple architecture, Indo-Islamic architecture, especially Mughal architecture, Rajput architecture and Indo-Saracenic architecture.

What is Indian traditional design? ›

Traditional Indian interior design style is exotic, sophisticated and full of royal and tempting look. The two words come in my mind; symmetry and balance.It gives a feeling of warmth and comfort through furniture, colors and furniture placements.

What is the relevance of Indian architecture in promoting culture? ›

Indian architecture is distinguished by : synthesis of different religions, cultures, beliefs, ideas involving Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism and Christianity to produce enormous wealth of buildings.

Why culture is important in designing? ›

By gaining insight into your target culture's values, you're more able to understand how they perceive certain design elements (e.g. colors, symbols). There are many cultural dimensions that influence these perceptions, which in turn, influence your users' decision-making as well.

What are the main features of Indian architecture? ›

They depict walled and moated cities with massive gates, elaborate multi-storied residences, pavilions with a variety of domes, together with the simple, thatched-roofed huts that remained the basis of most Indian architectural forms.

What is Indian architecture called? ›

Dravidian Architecture

This form of architecture is mainly found in the Southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.

What are the 4 types of interior design? ›

Traditional interior designing Style. Modern style of interior design. Industrial interior design style. Minimalist interior design style.

How do people from India decorate their home? ›

Ethnic Indian Art:

Ethnic paintings and art form an inseparable part of Indian home décor. You can go for elaborate exotic paintings or tribal Warli art, Madhubani, or folk drawings. Hang these paintings on the walls that are easily visible.

What is traditional interior design? ›

Traditional interior design is a popular style of décor that is based largely on 18th- and 19th-century European styles and conventional notions of what a home looks like. A traditional interior design scheme is timeless and placeless, comfortable and put together but not overly fancy.

How important is culture in architecture? ›

Culture reflected in architecture helps create or maintain identity in today's world of globalization and internationalism. It also helps maintain the integrity of the society. This principle makes sure that the user is a good member of the society he/she belongs to.

Why is culture important in architecture? ›

The Importance of Architecture

At its roots, architecture exists to create the physical environment in which people live, but architecture is more than just the built environment, it's also a part of our culture. It stands as a representation of how we see ourselves, as well as how we see the world.

How does culture play a role in architecture? ›

Architecture as a matter of human life reflects the culture in every society interacting closely with structural, historical, political, economic and social features of society. People in every country try to follow their norms and maintain their values in making of architecture by applying the material things.

How does culture relate to design? ›

Introduction: Culture is a way of life, whereas design implies planning to develop products for ease of living. Culture and design can't be separated and are moving collectively from ancient human civilizations to the current world.

What is a good design culture? ›

Design culture describes a work environment rooted in design thinking principles with a high priority placed on the user experience. An organization with a strong design culture focuses on creating experiences that add value to their users' lives.

What is cultural factor architecture? ›


Shapes, Forms, Styles and Spaces are main factors in Architectural design process. These are influenced by the cultural values of society. In religious context, there are different forms, shapes and styles with respect to different religion.

Who is the father of Indian architecture? ›

Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi OAL (born 26 August 1927) is an Indian architect. He is considered to be an important figure of Indian architecture and noted for his contributions to the evolution of architectural discourse in India.

What was the important phase of Indian architecture? ›

An important phase of Indian architecture began with the Mauryan period.

Who is the modern architecture of India? ›

Le Corbusier has rightly been called the father of Modern architecture in India but his seminal works were archaic as well as progressive in tone.

What is the most popular Indian architecture? ›

Taj Mahal is without a doubt, one of the most impressive pieces of architecture not only in India but all around the world. For years, it has been the face of Indian architecture for people all over the world.

What are the 3 main types of architecture? ›

  • Environmental Design.
  • Interior Architecture.
  • Landscape Architecture.

What design style is popular now? ›

"Transitional design will continue to be popular for homeowners in 2022," says interior designer Maggie Stephens. "Expect to see traditional elements mixed with clean lines and contemporary upholstery. Light color schemes, neutrals, and natural wood tones feature strongly in this style."

What is a design style? ›

Superficially speaking, what we recognize as a “design style” is a set of particular colour harmonies, typefaces, compositional styles…But on a higher level, design styles usually carry with them certain principles of what the goals of design are, and techniques for how to accomplish those goals.

What is classic design style? ›

Classic style includes well-made furniture with detailing such as inlay and carved or turned legs, as well as pieces with ornate detailing, sometimes with a floral or fauna influence. Fabrics that have texture and subtle patterns, and stripes mixed with block colours, are popular choices.

What is the most important element of Indian home? ›

(1) In Indian homes, the floor of the house is always the best maintained element, cleaned twice a day and wiped down to a sparkling state. In front of the threshold of the home the floor often is decorated with Rangoli and other ritual diagrams.

In what ways did Indians like to decorate their buildings? ›

Answer: They decorat beautifully by handmade resources like colours flowers, Some leaves, also the cemetery designs nd most probably the rangolis or diyas during special occasion.

Why do Indians decorate their front door? ›

The origin of torans can be traced to Puranas (Hindu mythological work). Torans are used to decorate the main entrance of the home. The main idea behind decorating the homes is to please and attract the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi. These torans are the first thing that welcomes guests.

What is traditional design in architecture? ›

Traditional Design Is Inspired By The 18th & 19th Centuries.

As you would have probably surmised, traditional design is inspired by, well, tradition. It's a timeless style taking cues from the 18th and 19th centuries, incorporating classic art, antiques, and pieces with history.

What is modern traditional style? ›

Modern Traditional is one of those things where we can use the traditional, architectural envelope of a home, and reinterpret elements that are typically used in a traditional setting. This includes window treatments, furnishings, patterning, color and scale.

What are the elements of traditional design? ›

Traditional style often includes silk, linen and velvet upholstery and window coverings in damask, florals, stripes and plaids with ornately detailed dark wood, inspired by 18th and 19th century designs. Layered in color and texture, traditional style interiors bring a sense of history and glamour to a space.

What is the relationship between architecture and culture? ›

Architecture is a product of the culture that it was designed for. And architects, being inherent problem solvers, typically seek to design spaces for the times and the people who will use them. They don't just design buildings that are sturdy and strong.

How is the culture of the people reflected in the architectural style? ›

The culture of the people are reflected in their architectural style by the material they use, the main features they use, and the procedure they take in constructing a building.

What influences architectural design? ›

These factors include site size; configuration; topography; geotechnical characteristics; ecological features, including vegetation, wildlife habitats, water elements, and drainage; and accessibility to property.

What are architectural design principles? ›

Architecture Design Principles include specific rules that guide the development of designs. Decision-making Principles of Architecture include general rules that inform how an architect approaches the architectural design process.

How does architecture impact society? ›

Architecture has helped shape society by providing custom living spaces that give us comfort, good health, and safety. It also adds a sense of awe and intrigue to iconic structures throughout the world.

What makes architecture unique? ›

Unique among creative and artistic professions, architecture must always reflect the age and cultural context that produced it. Designing and building architecture takes time, money, and collaboration (from financiers, civic officials, builders, architects, and more).

Does culture have an impact on current architecture? ›

Culture has always played a role in architectural design. Even though modern-day designs can seem homogeneous (consider today's skyscraper), culture's impact can still be found around the world.

How does architecture bring us together? ›

Architecture educates us making us closer and understanding of different philosophies and cultures. Probably the best example of how a place creates a new culture is our learning environments. Where a school houses students with different backgrounds congregate and build new social circles and networks.

What is the full meaning of architecture? ›

architecture, the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. The practice of architecture is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends.

How has Indian architecture influenced other cultures? ›

Cave and rock-cut architecture – The earliest settlements in the prehistoric era were made in caves. But caves and rock-cut temples gained popularity in depicting religious stories of various religions like Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, and even Zoroastrianism.

How does culture influence architecture? ›

Culture is the product of experience from past time to present time. Shapes, Forms, Styles and Spaces are main factors in Architectural design process. These are influenced by the cultural values of society. In religious context, there are different forms, shapes and styles with respect to different religion.

How have monuments contributed to the growth of the Indian culture? ›

Monuments were frequently built to mark an important occasion of events in history. They are important symbols of different periods in India's long history. Monuments also show the architectural growth of India from the past to the present.

What is Indian colonial architecture? ›

Colonial architecture in India followed developments not only from metropolis but also took inspiration from existing architecture in India. From the mid nineteenth century it became a norm for the Anglo-Indian church builders to follow the model set by the revivers of the many combinations of Gothic art in England.

What is the role of architecture in culture tradition and society? ›

The Importance of Architecture

At its roots, architecture exists to create the physical environment in which people live, but architecture is more than just the built environment, it's also a part of our culture. It stands as a representation of how we see ourselves, as well as how we see the world.

What is modern Indian architecture? ›

Modern Indian architecture is now more inclined towards using natural and alternative materials like bamboo, wood, stone, brick, mud, and clay, etc. The work of emerging architects in India can be basically grouped under the category of 'contemporary Indian sensibility'.

How are art and architecture important parts of the heritage of India? ›

The Art and Architecture of Ancient India plays a crucial role in identifying the pattern of Indian Heritage and Culture. The Art Forms are a very important part of nurturing the different facets of Indian Culture and its Cosmopolitan existence.

What is the relationship between architecture and culture? ›

Architecture is a product of the culture that it was designed for. And architects, being inherent problem solvers, typically seek to design spaces for the times and the people who will use them. They don't just design buildings that are sturdy and strong.

What is cultural identity in architecture? ›

As a reaction to this sweeping trend, the phenomenon of expressing local cultural identities in architecture is observed in many parts of the world. As Castells put it: 'cultural identity is the process by which social actors build their own meaning according to cultural attributes.

What is a cultural architecture? ›

A cultural architect is someone who creates a culturally flat work environment by modeling and reinforcing equity, respect, and high performance.

What does Indian culture represent? ›

Indian culture is the heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, artifacts and technologies that originated in or are associated with the ethno-linguistically diverse India.

What influenced Indian architecture? ›

Indian architecture is deeply rooted in the country's heritage, culture, and religion. It contains elements that have flourished over centuries and continue to be influential in the modern era.

How can we understand Indian culture in a better way? ›

India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food and customs differ from place to place within the country. Indian culture, often labelled as a combination of several cultures, has been influenced by a history that is several millennia old, beginning with the Indus Valley Civilization.

How is Indian architecture a perfect structure? ›

Answer: Grandeur of construction, beautiful sculptures, delicate carvings, high domes, gopuras and extensive courtyards were the features of temple architecture in India.

Which is the oldest architecture in India? ›

The oldest arches surviving in Indian architecture are the gavaksha or "chaitya arches" found in ancient rock-cut architecture, and agreed to be copied from versions in wood which have all perished.

What is Neoclassical architecture in India? ›

The Neoclassical school of architecture began in the 18th and early 19th centuries as a reaction to the extravagance and ornamentation of the earlier styles. It was a revival of the classical architecture going back to the simplicity of geometric forms used in ancient Greek and Roman styles.


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